||"Faith of the Free"
-- A forum dedicated to "free-thinking, openly questioning, radically-inclusive, ethically-engaged, reform-oriented religion in the Unitarian and Universalist tradition. --
Joined: 16 Apr 2007
|Posted: Fri Oct 04, 2013 9:42 pm Post subject: June
-- Mothers Peace Day: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TG73A1SkU1c
-- June 1st (1652): John Biddle was arrested on this day while (and for) leading Unitarian worship in London. He was eventually exiled to the Scilly Islands, about 40 miles off the coast of England. Biddle, often called the "Father of English Unitarianism", had been imprisoned at least six times for his religious non-conformity, and his printed tracts (including English translations of Socinian works, including the Racovian Catechism) were routinely banned and burned for blasphemy. He died in prison in 1662.
-- 3: (1870) Norbert Capek was born in Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic). After a Roman Catholic childhood and early career as a Baptist minister, he converted to Unitarianism and became its leading advocate in his country, establishing a Unitarian community in Prague that grew to several thousand members. During World War II, he was imprisoned by the Germans in 1942 and murdered at Dachau for speaking out against the Nazis. Capek is perhaps best remembered for initiating a Flower Communion ceremony, which is now widely used in Unitarian Universalist congregations -- a celebration of "unity in diversity," and a statement that even in the worst of times, we can still share in life's beauty.
From the Rev. Dr. Norbert Capek (1870-1942), pioneer Czech Unitarian leader (quotation is condensed from a larger reading):
"It is my ideal that unitarian religion in our country should mean a higher culture. . . new attitudes toward life and practically a new race....In short, unitarian religion should mean the next advanced cultural level of a certain people. The church's task must be to place truth above any tradition, spirit above any scripture, freedom above authority, and progress above all reaction."
-- On June 4, 1919, Congress, by joint resolution, approved the woman's suffrage amendment and sent it to the states for ratification. The House of Representatives had voted 304-89 and the Senate 56-25 in favor of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution. The required 36th state ratified the amendment on August 18th of 1919.
-- June 4, 1901: Joseph H Jordon died on this day, at the age of fifty-nine. Jordon was the first Universalist minister of African-American descent. http://www.patheos.com/blogs/monkeymind/2013/06/recalling-joseph-jordon.html
-- 5: (1902) Arthur Powell Davies was born in Berkenhead, Wales, Great Britain. Educated for the Methodist ministry at the University of London, he served his first church in the London suburb of Ilford. In 1928 he emigrated to the United States and served Methodist churches in Maine. He converted to Unitarianism in 1932 and committed himself to promoting public reform through his ministry. He served a church in New Jersey before beginning a highly successful and influential ministry at All Souls Church (Unitarian) in Washington, DC., in 1944. Davies' activism was widely felt, both in local and national denominational affairs and in Washington's political circles. Upon his death in 1957, three sitting Supreme Court justices attended his memorial service.
"Davies Day" (...for UU Evangelism)
-- 5: (1897) Charles Hartshorne was born in Kittanning, Pennsylvania.
-- 6th (1749):: on the "first Thursday in June" of 1748 liberal Congregational preacher delivered the first of his influential "Seven Sermons" in the West Meeting House in Boston. The sermons laid out many of the principles and premises of his "stubbornly protestant" and proto-Unitarian understanding of religion, marking a clear departure from the Calvinism of his fellow Congregationalists. The sermons continued through the last Thursday in August (the 29th) of that year, and were then published in 1749.
"[W]hile we are asserting our own liberty and Christian rights, let us be consistent and uniform; and not attempt to incroach upon the rights of others. They have the same right to judge for themselves and to choose their own religion, with ourselves. And nothing is more incongruous than for an advocate of liberty, to tyrannize over his neighbors. We have all liberty to think and act for ourselves in things of a religious concern; and we ought to be content with that, without desiring a liberty to oppress and grieve others. . . . Let us, as much as in us lies, live peaceably with all men; but suffer none to lord it over our consciences...."
-- Jonathan Mayhew (from his "Seven Sermon" series of 1749).
-- A little more from Dr. Mayhew, one of our movement's earliest and most influential voices for the "Radical Protestant" principles/duties of free agency and personal discernment -- even in religion...
"...Did I say, we have a right to judge and act for ourselves? I now add-it is our indispensable duty to do it. This is a right which we cannot relinquish, or neglect to exercise, if we would, without being highly culpable; for it is absolutely inalienable in its own nature. We may dispose of our temporal substance if we please; but God and nature and the gospel of Christ injoin it upon us to maintain the right of private judgment, and to worship God according to our consciences, as much as they injoin us to give alms to the poor, to love God and our neighbor, and practice universal righteousness: and we may as well talk of giving up our rights to the latter, as to the former. They are all duties, and not rights simply; duties equally founded in the reason of things; duties equally commanded by the same God; duties equally required in the same gospel...."
-- June 7th (1857): Samuel McChord Crothers w as born in Oswego, Illinois. He was a parish minister, author and essayist. After earning a divinity degree at Union Theological Seminary in 1877, he became a Presbyterian minister. He resigned in 1881 and converted to the Unitarian church in 1882, serving congregations in Brattleboro, VT; St. Paul, MN; and for thirty three years at First Parish in Cambrige, MA. He became widely known as a lecturer, and spoke often to assemblies of students at Harvard University. His many trips across the continent gave him not only a national reputation but also an extraordinary breadth of vision and insight. He received honorary degreesfrom Harvard, St. Lawrence, Princeton and Western Reserve University. When Theodore Roosevelt came to Cambridge as President of the United States, to celebrate the twenty–fifth anniversary of his graduation, it was the minister of the First Parish Church whom he invited to be his single guest at breakfast—to the consternation of the “important people” who couldn’t quite see why the author of The Gentle Reader should have been chosen for this honor by the evangelist of The Strenuous Life. But it was characteristic of both men, and the table talk that morning must have been worthwhile. http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/Heralds/Samuel-McChord-Crothers.php
An oldie, from the Atlantic Monthly magazine's archives...
"In 1914, as the women’s suffrage amendment languished in Congress, Samuel McChord Crothers, a popular essayist and a Harvard Square–based Unitarian minister, made the case for equal suffrage. (The amendment did not pass that year, however; American women would not win the right to vote for another six years.)"http://www.theatlantic.com/ideastour/women/crothers-excerpt.htmlTry as hard as we may for perfection, the net result of our labors is an amazing variety of imperfectness. We are surprised at our own versatility in being able to fail in so many different ways.
Samuel McChord Crothers
-- 8: (1955) (Sir. Timothy) Tim Berners-Lee was born in London. Development pioneer of the "World Wide Web." He became interested in computers while he studied physics at Oxford University. After his graduation in 1976, Berners-Lee became a software engineer. While working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland, he wrote a program called “Enquire,” which allowed him to compile links to various files on his computer for personal use. The development of “Enquire” was integral to Berners-Lee’s proposal for the World Wide Web in 1989, allowing users to globally share information. Berners-Lee is responsible for helping invent some of the Internet’s most basic tools: the Uniform Resource Locator (URL), the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), and for creating the first Web server, Web browser and Web page. Berners-Lee is currently director of the World Wide Web Consortium at the Laboratory for Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is also director of the W3 Consortium, which works to improve the World Wide Web.
Berners-Lee was raised in the Church of England, but began questioning religion as a teenager and is now a Unitarian Universalist (...he and his family joined the First Parish of Lexington, MA). He says that his rejection of conventional religion “relieved a great tension” (quoted in The Telegraph, Mar. 30, 2008). On a 1998 Web page titled “WWW and UU and I,” Berners-Lee described the appeal of Unitarianism: “Unitarian Universalists . . . allow or even require their belief to be compatible with reason. They are hugely tolerant.”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j4cN_q3NX9c http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/mar/28/unitarian-tim-berners-lee http://www.danielharper.org/blog/?tag=tim-berners-lee
-- 8: (1867) Frank Lloyd Wright was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin. Wright is considered by many to be America's foremost architect, and among his accomplishments was the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, and Unitarian churches in Oak Park, Illinois and Madison, Wisconsin (where he was an active and long-time member). Wright's approach to "organic architecture" was deeply inspired by his Unitarian background, which he considered "organic religion." https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=264425813668956&set=a.185150278263177.34421.100003046187804&type=1&theaterhttp://www.christianpost.com/news/agnostic-scholar-bart-ehrman-on-who-wrote-the-bible-and-why-it-matters-97169/pageall.html
-- 9 (1865): https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=662240947123858&set=a.347869171894372.104482.341113802569909&type=1&theater
-- June 9th (1933): Chicago Teachers March...https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=681143111900308&set=a.347869171894372.104482.341113802569909&type=1&theater http://www.dailykos.com/story/2012/08/02/1116048/-The-Chicago-Teacher-Revolt-of-1933#
-- 10: (1565) The Socinian Church, a group of antitrinitarian Anabaptists joined by liberal elements of the Moravian Brethren (Hussites), was officially organized. Also known as the Ecclesia Minor (Lesser Church), properly called the Minor Reformed Church of Poland and better known today as the Polish Brethren), the group supported the public positions and arguments of Piotr Gonaidz (or Peter Gonesius) and officially broke all ties with the Major Reformed Church (Calvinists), and organized their own synod in the town of Brzeziny. Originally the Minor Reformed Church followed a non-trinitarian doctrine inspired by the writings of Michael Servetus. Later on, Socinianism, named for Italian theologian Laelius Socinus, became its main theological approach. They were against capital punishment, and did not believe in the traditional Christian doctrines of Hell or the Trinity. They advocated the separation of church and state and taught the equality and brotherhood of all people; they opposed social privileges based on religious affiliation, and their adherents refused military service (they were known for carrying wooden swords instead of real almost obligatory szablas) and declined political office. The Polish Brethren were disbanded in 1658 by the Sejm (Polish Parliament). They were ordered to convert to Roman Catholicism or leave Poland.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_Brethren http://www.uuhs.org/research-links/polish-brethren-trail-stowarzyszenie-szlak-braci-polskich
-- 10 (1841): -- June 10th (1841): Minot Savage was born in Norridgewock, Maine. A Baptist minister, he became a Unitarian and was pastor of the Third Unitarian Church of Chicago from 1873 to 1874, and of the Church of the Unity in Boston from 1874 to 1896, and of Church of the Messiah (now Community Church) in New York City from 1896 to 1906. An outspoken advocate for Unitarianism, he wrote many books including Our Unitarian Gospel (1898), and became a leader in the denomination, serving as director of the American Unitarian Association and in other capacities various councils and conferences.
"The one thing that is essential and vital in religion is life — living in accord with the infinite life of the Infinite Power manifested in the universe. Whatever helps that life helps our religious culture and development. Whatever stands in the way of these stands in the way of our religious life. But the life itself — the feeling, the love, the consecration, the service — these are the religion!" — Minot J. Savage (born June 10, 1841)"The progress of science means a perpetual widening and widening of the domain of the known. It brings more and more of the universe within the limits of recognized order and law. It is narrowing the limits of the mysterious, the unknown, the arbitrary. It is teaching us, day by day, that things we supposed were arbitrary are natural, only we did not understand them before." — Minot J. Savage (1841-1918)
-- 11: (1814) Henry Whitney Bellows was born in Boston. A graduate of Harvard Divinity School, he held a brief pastorate (1837-1838) at Mobile, Alabama, and in 1839 became pastor of the First Congregational (Unitarian) church in New York City (afterwards All Souls church), where he served until his death in 1882. Here Bellows acquired a high reputation as a pulpit orator and lyceum lecturer, and was a recognized leader in the Unitarian Church in America. For many years after 1846 he edited The Christian Inquirer, a Unitarian weekly paper, and he was also for some time an editor of The Christian Examiner.
In 1857 he delivered a series of lectures in a Lowell Institute course on The Treatment of Social Diseases. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he planned and became president of the United States Sanitary Commission, the leading soldiers' aid society. Under his leadership, the USSC became the major source of spiritual and physical aid for wounded Union soldiers.
In the late 1800's, Bellows preached about a "more fully and more truly catholic church" which, from a foundation of utmost respect for personal freedom and uniqueness, and "for the spiritual integrity of each individual," which would be broadly inclusive and generous and universalistic in sympathies. His work in interfaith cooperation led to the eventual founding of both the International Association for Religious Freedom, and for the International Red Cross.
-- June 11th (1844) Charles Wendte was born in Boston. Wendte was an early driving force behind the interfaith movement, serving from 1900 to 1920 as general secretary of the International Council of Liberal Religious Thinkers and Workers(which later became the International Association for Religious Freedom). Ordained to the Unitarian ministry, he served parishes in Chicago, Illinois; Cincinnati, Ohio; Boston, Massachusetts; Newport, Rhode Island; and Los Angeles and Oakland, California. He also served as the secretary of the Foreign Relations Department of the American Unitarian Association from 1905 to 1915, as the secretary of the National Federation of Religious Liberals from 1908 to 1920, and as president of the Free Religious Association from 1910 to 1914. http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/uu_addenda/Charles-William-Wendte.php
-- 12: (1802) Harriet Martineau was born in Norwich, England. "Religion is a temper, not a pursuit. It is the moral atmosphere in which human beings are to live and move. Men do not live to breathe: they breathe to live." — Harriet Martineau (born June 12, 1802)-- June 12th (1796): The first continuously functioning church in the United States to proclaim itself "Unitarian" was formally organized on this date in Philadelphia. Under the direction and encouragement of Joseph Priestley, twenty of Philadelphia's intellectual leaders came together to form the First Unitarian Society of Philadelphia. Although Priestley and others occasionally preached in the new church from the beginning, it remained lay-led until 1825 when William Henry Furness was called to be its first full-time minister, a position he held for the next 50 years.
-- 13 (1774): Rhode Island became the first colony to prohibit the importation of slaves.
- 15 (1916): Herbert A. Simon was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Simon was one of the most influential social scientists of the 20th century, also was a psychologist, Nobel Prize winning economist, also a professor (mostly at Carnegie Mellon University). Simon was a pioneer of the theory of "bounded rationality"... a study of how people make decisions in an uncertain world. Simon was a member and active supporter of the First Unitarian Church of Pittsburgh.
-- 15: (1865) Hajom Kissor Singh was born in the Khasi Hills of the state of Meghalaya in northeast India. (Singh pioneered and led the Unitarian movement in his state.)
Babu Hajom Kissor Singh came from a Christian family, but was dissatisfied with the orthodox Christian doctrine of his time. With the help of Khasi Brahmos and American Unitarians, in 1887 he began the unitarian movement at Jowai with three companions. He called his faith "Ka Niam Untarian' (The Unitarian Religion.) On September 18, 1887, an anniversary date Khasi unitarians celebrate, Singh led the first real church service at his home in Jowai. A bright student, Singh became a "questioning member" of the Methodist Church, doubting orthodox Christianity. Singh observed that the Welsh missionaries had done away with the fear of demons only to replace it with fear of hell. He concluded from his studies that he would have to leave their church to seek "the true religion of Jesus, the love of God." Adapting some of the traditional values of Khasi culture, Singh defined Khasi unitarianism in terms of duty to God, to fellow humans and to oneself.
-- 17th (1963): The United States Supreme Court released a ruling, 8-1 in favor of respondent Edward Schempp, declaring school-sponsored Bible reading in public schools in the United States to be unconstitutional. Mr. Schempp, a Unitarian Universalist and a resident of Abington Township, Pennsylvania, filed suit against the Abington School District in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania to prohibit the enforcement of a Pennsylvania state law that required his children, specifically his son Ellory Schempp, to hear and sometimes read portions of the Bible and the Lord's prayer at the beginning of each school day. That law (24 Pa. Stat. 15-1516, as amended, Pub. Law 1928) required that "[a]t least ten verses from the Holy Bible [be] read, without comment, at the opening of each public school on each school day." Schempp specifically contended that the statute violated his and his family's rights under the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Like four other states, Pennsylvania law included a statute compelling school districts to perform Bible readings in the mornings before class. Twenty-five states had laws allowing "optional" Bible reading, with the remainder having no laws supporting or rejecting Bible reading. In eleven of those states with laws supportive of Bible reading or state-sponsored prayer, the state courts had declared them unconstitutional. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abington_School_District_v._Schempp
-- 18: (1819) Samuel Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine. (Unitarian minister and hymnist, brother of famed writer Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.)
-- June 18th (1873): Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in Rochester, NY. (The $100 fine was never collected.)
"To be free is not just to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that enhances the freedom of others.” - Nelson Mandela.-- June 19th (1785): Proprietors of King's Chapel in Boston voted 20 to 7 to become Unitarian, revising its Book of Common Prayer to omit all references to the Trinity.
-- 19 (1863): "Juneteenth" -- Texas (now national and international) celebration of the end of slavery: http://www.juneteenth.com/history.htm
-- 20 (1782): Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States, as designed by Charles Thomson, including an American Bald Eagle and the motto "E Pluribus Unum." The term (meaning from out of many, one) had been suggested in 1776 by Pierre Eugene du Simitiere to the committee responsible for developing the seal. Earlier, E Pluribus Unum had prominently appeared for many years on the title page of the popular English periodical, The Gentleman's Magazine.
-- 20 (1723) Theophilus Lindsey was born in Middlewich, Cheshire, England.
-- 20: World Refugee Day. Today we honor people who have had to flee their homes due to conflict, prosecution, violence or natural disasters.
-- June 20th (1863): West Virginia officially broke away from Virginia in opposition to slavery, becoming the only state to form through secession from a Confederate state.
-- The Sunday morning worship service this year is from 9:00 to 10:30 Eastern. The General Assembly Choir will sing, and the Rev. Dr. William F. Schulz, president of the UU Service Committee and former UUA president, will deliver the sermon titled “Tasting the Wine of Astonishment”. http://www.uua.org/ga/2013/worship/287044.shtml-- 21 (1985): Unitarian Universalists, in General Assembly in Atlanta, adopted seven unifying principles, as part of the UU Association's intercongregational bylaws and covenant.
-- June 22nd (1822): Caroline Wells Healey Dall was born in Boston. Dall was a Unitarian community service worker, minister's wife and lay preacher, religious educator and champion of women's suffrage, education, and economic and marital rights...of full equality for women. She was heir to the mantle of Margaret Fuller as spokesperson for woman's access to education and employment.
-- 24 (1813): Henry Ward Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut. An American liberal clergyman, social reformer, novelist, essayist and speaker. He is best known as being a major figure in the movement to abolish slavery. Henry was the eighth of thirteen children born to Lyman Beecher, a noted Calvinist Presbyterian preacher from Boston. (His siblings included author Harriet Beecher Stowe, educators Catharine Beecher and Thomas K. Beecher, and activists Charles Beecher and Isabella Beecher Hooker." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ward_Beecher "A person without a sense of humor is like a wagon without springs -- jolted by every pebble in the road."
"The sun does not shine for a few trees and flowers, but for the wide world's joy." — Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887)
-- 25 (1903) English author and journalist George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) was born in Motihan, Bihar, India. Orwell's writings against totalitarian and authoritarian systems, practices and thinking included the books "Animal Farm" and "Nineteen Eighty-Four." https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=269752836468456&set=o.175868780941&type=1&theater
-- 25 (1962): The United States Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling that government-sponsored prayer in public schools imposes religion on students and violates the U.S. Constitution.
--- June 27th (1880 ): Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. At less than two years of age, she fell ill with fever and was struck blind, deaf and mute. Beginning in 1887, Keller's teacher, Anne Sullivan, helped her make tremendous progress with her ability to communicate, and Keller went on to college, graduating in 1904. In 1920, Keller helped found the ACLU. During her lifetime, she received many honors in recognition of her accomplishments. Religiously, she was a devout Swedenborgian, though her paths often crossed with many Unitarians and Universalists, especially Alexander Graham Bell and ACLU co-founder Roger Baldwin.http://www.yesmagazine.org/people-power/the-radical-dissent-of-helen-keller
-- 27 ( 1915 ) Grace Lee Boggs was born in Providence, RI. http://www.tomschade.com/2013/02/grace-lee-boggs.html "People are aware that they cannot continue in the same old way but are immobilizedbecause they cannot imagine an alternative. We need a vision that recognizes that we are at one of the great turning points in human history when the survival of our planet and the restoration of our humanity require a great sea change in our ecological, economic, political, and spiritual values." -- Grace Lee Boggs
-- 28 (1969): Stonewall Inn rebellion. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151773351063854&set=a.75399513853.102532.35122528853&type=1&theater
-- June 29th (1894): Vincent B. Silliman was born in Hudson, Wisconsin. A Unitarian minister, poet and hymn writer, Silliman did much in the middle half of the 20th century to shape the hymnody of the Unitarian Universalist and Ethical Culture movements. He developed, with others, two children’s hymnals. He served on the commission responsible for the Beacon Song and Service Book of 1935, and he edited We Sing of Life, published in 1955 for Ethical Culture Societies. Silliman’s hand and ear are most discernible in Hymns for the Celebration of Life, the hymnal most used in Unitarian Universalist congregations for thirty years after its publication in 1964. Hymns of his composition have stood the test of time, especially " Morning; So Fair to See ," "One World " and (in 1944) "Faith of the Larger Liberty", which is included in Hymns for the Celebration of Life under the title "Faith of the Free".
-- 30 (1982): The Equal Rights Amendment failed (in the USA) when it wasn't ratified by a sufficient number on states within the required time frame.
"Beyond the ideas of right-doing and wrong-doing there is a field. I'll meet you there." -- Rumi
"The Reformation Must Continue!" --- Friedrich Schleiermacher
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